Mayoral in the townhall - Sr. D. Francisco Gómez González
Coordenates in GPS
• Latitude: 36º 43’’
• Longitude: 5º 15’’
• Surface: 32 km²
• Altitude over sea level: 573 m.
• District: Serranía de Ronda
• Distance to Málaga: 136 km.
• Middle temperature during the year: 16 ºC
• Residents: 1.623
• Next villages: Montejaque, Jimera de Libar, Ronda
The village is located in the Sierra de Benaoján Líbara, in an altitude of 573 m and extends over the small valley of Montejaque, in the Natural Park of Grazalema.
The landscape is very rugged and is a strong contrast between the bare limestone and the oak forest at the foot of the slope. The mountain chain offers us a spectacular landscape. The small plane area, near the Cave de la Pileta, and the valley of the Guadiaro, like the Tajo de la Dehesa, are also beautiful places. This town accounts aswell on the Guadiaro with arms like the creek Barranco de la Dehesa, which leads a stream of water throughout the year.
Benaoján is a city with long history. Archaelogical finds, discovered in caves, show that even primitive people lived in that area. They found axes and other stone tools, fossilized human remains, ceramics and rock paintings. Also, there is evidence of settlements in the times of the Phoenicians, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and Christians. As in most villages in the Serrania, Benaoján was an important junction, during the Arab period. Today the Torre del Moro (Tower of the Arabs) still exist. The name of the village was also given by the Arabs.
Little else is known about the history of this town, only that it was inhabited by 60 families, who received the land in 1571,on November 6th, after the expulsion of the Moors by rebels, which they actively assisted.